›› President's FY 2012 Proposed Budget - Substance Abuse Programs
|Program Activities||FY 2010
|FY 2011 Continuing
|Mental Health Block Grant||$399,735||$399,735||$413,645|
|PHS Evaluation Funds||21,039||21,039||21,039|
|Subtotal, Mental Health Block Grant||420,774||420,774||434,684|
|Substance Abuse Block Grant||1,375,513||1,375,513||1,419,603|
|PHS Evaluation Funds||79,200||79,200||74,711|
|Subtotal, Substance Abuse Block Grant||1,454,713||1,454,713||1,494,314|
|State, Tribal and Community Prevention Grants||480,576||480,655||485,000|
|Innovation and Emerging Issues||809,714||809,211||745,188|
|PHS Evaluation Funds||2,000||2,000||2,000|
|Subtotal, Innovation and Emerging Issues||811,714||811,211||747,188|
|Children's Mental Health Services||121,316||121,316||121,316|
|PATH Homeless Formula Grant||65,047||65,047||65,047|
|Regulatory & Oversight Functions||55,052||54,938||54,938|
|Public Awareness and Support||14,006||14,230||0|
|PHS Evaluation Funds||0||0||13,571|
|Subtotal, Public Awareness and Support||14,006||14,230||13,571|
|Performance and Quality Information Systems||30,165||30,987||0|
|PHS Evaluation Funds||6,596||6,596||12,996|
|Subtotal, Performance and Quality Information Systems||36,761||37,583||12,996|
|Health Surveillance and Program Support||79,197||79,197||82,166|
|PHS Evaluation Funds||22,750||22,750||45,428|
|Subtotal, Health Surveillance and Program Support||101,947||101,947||127,594|
|St. Elizabeths Hospital B&F||795||795||0|
|ACA Prevention Fund|
|Primary and Behavioral Health Care Integration||20,000||35,000||20,000|
|Garrett Lee Smith Youth Suicide Prevention||0||10,000||0|
|Prevention Prepared Communities||0||0||22,600|
|Screening, Brief Intervention, & Referral to Treatment||0||25,000||0|
|Behavioral Health - Tribal Prevention Grants||0||0||50,000|
|Subtotal, ACA Prevention Fund||20,000||88,000||92,600|
|TOTAL, SAMHSA Discretionary PL||3,582,701||3,651,209||3,649,248|
|Less PHS Evaluation Funds||131,585||131,585||169,745|
|Less ACA Prevention Funds||20,000||88,000||92,600|
|TOTAL, SAMHSA Budget Authority||
Note: All numbers are rounded up to the nearest million
1All FY 2006 numbers reflect the 1% across-the-board cut
2Includes $1.98 million for National Community Anti-Drug Coalition Institute
3Includes $750K for National Community Anti-Drug Coalition Institute
4HIDTA program recommended to be moved from Office of National Drug Control Policy to the Department of Justice
5Includes $98.2 million for Access to Recovery
6Includes $98 million for Access to Recovery
7This number is not inclusive of plus ups for specific states and Guard schools
8This number is not inclusive of plus ups for specific states and Guard schools
›› Program Descriptions
On June 27, 1997, the Drug-Free Communities Act of 1997 became law. This Act is a catalyst for increased citizen participation in efforts to reduce substance use among youth, and it provides community anti-drug coalitions with much-needed funds to carry out their important missions.
The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) directs the Drug-Free Communities Support Program in partnership with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. This anti-drug program provides grants of up to $100,000 to community coalitions that mobilize their communities to prevent youth alcohol, tobacco, illicit drug, and inhalant abuse.
The grants support coalitions of youth; parents; media; law enforcement; school officials; faith-based organizations; fraternal organizations; State, local, and tribal government agencies; healthcare professionals; and other community representatives. The Drug-Free Communities Support Program enables the coalitions to strengthen their coordination and prevention efforts, encourage citizen participation in substance abuse reduction efforts, and disseminate information about effective programs.
In 1998, with bipartisan support, Congress created the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign with the goal of preventing and reducing youth drug use. Unprecedented in size and scope, the Campaign is the most visible symbol of the federal government's commitment to youth drug prevention. The Campaign is a strategically integrated communications effort that combines advertising with public communications outreach to deliver anti-drug messages and skills to America's youth, their parents and other influential adults.
The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 and the ONDCP Reauthorization Act of 1998 authorized the Director of The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) to designate areas within the United States which exhibit serious drug trafficking problems and harmfully impact other areas of the country as High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA). The HIDTA Program provides additional federal resources to those areas to help eliminate or reduce drug trafficking and its harmful consequences. Law enforcement organizations within HIDTAs assess drug trafficking problems and design specific initiatives to reduce or eliminate the production, manufacture, transportation, distribution and chronic use of illegal drugs and money laundering.
The Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment (SAPT) Block Grant program goal is to support substance abuse prevention and treatment programs at the State and local levels. While the SAPT Block Grant provides Federal support to addiction prevention and treatment services nationally, it empowers States to design solutions to specific addiction problems that are experienced locally.
The Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant, the cornerstone of the States' substance-related programs, accounts for approximately 40 percent of public funds expended on substance prevention activities and treatment services. This grant program is based on a congressionally mandated formula and is administered by SAMHSA's Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) and its Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT). While the program enables States to provide substance abuse treatment and prevention services through a variety of means, both statute and regulations place special emphasis on provision of treatment and primary prevention services to both injecting drug users, and to substance abusing women who are pregnant or with dependent children.
States and territories annually submit a report and plan to the Federal Government describing how they expended block grant funds made available during a previous fiscal year and how they intend to obligate block grant funds being made available in the current fiscal year. States and territories design their services delivery systems to address specific local substance abuse problems. Targeted technical assistance is made available to the States and territories through the State Systems Development Program and the Technical Assistance to the States Program.
CSAP works with States and communities to develop comprehensive prevention systems that create healthy communities in which people enjoy a quality life. This includes supportive work and school environments, drug- and crime-free neighborhoods, and positive connections with friends and family.
The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), was created in October 1992 with a congressional mandate to expand the availability of effective treatment and recovery services for alcohol and drug problems.
CSAT supports a variety of activities aimed at fulfilling its mission: To improve the lives of individuals and families affected by alcohol and drug abuse by ensuring access to clinically sound, cost-effective addiction treatment that reduces the health and social costs to our communities and the nation.
CSAT's initiatives and programs are based on research findings and the general consensus of experts in the addiction field that, for most individuals, treatment and recovery work best in a community-based, coordinated system of comprehensive services. Because no single treatment approach is effective for all persons, CSAT supports the nation's effort to provide multiple treatment modalities, evaluate treatment effectiveness, and use evaluation results to enhance treatment and recovery approaches.
NIDA's mission is to lead the Nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction
Recent scientific advances have revolutionized our understanding of drug abuse and addiction. The majority of these advances, which have dramatic implications for how to best prevent and treat addiction, have been supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). NIDA supports over 85 percent of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. NIDA supported science addresses the most fundamental and essential questions about drug abuse, ranging from the molecule to managed care, and from DNA to community outreach research.
NIAAA provides leadership in the national effort to reduce alcohol-related problems by:
The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Program (SDFSC) is a primary vehicle of the Federal government for reducing drug, alcohol and tobacco use, and violence, through school drug and violence prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, and education in elementary and secondary schools. This Federal funding stream is intended to help schools create safe and drug free environments. In previous years, roughly 80% of the total allocation was designated for state education agency grant programs. This program is administered by the Department of Education. School districts are expected to establish a community advisory committee and coordinate their efforts with substance abuse, law enforcement, and mental health agencies, and engage in planning and implementation of a comprehensive substance abuse and/or violence prevention program.
The goal of the Drug Enforcement Administration's demand reduction program was to educate the public about the dangers of drugs. This was accomplished by educating community leaders, parents, teachers, and counselors in implementing drug prevention and education programs. This program has been eliminated from the 2006 budget and has been removed from the DEA website.
Drug Courts Program
The Drug Courts program provides alternatives to incarceration by using the coercive power of the court to force abstinence and alter behavior with a combination of escalating sanctions, mandatory drug testing, treatment and strong aftercare programs.
Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is helping States address the problem of underage drinking through a program of block and discretionary grants, training and technical assistance, and a national evaluation. The Enforcing the Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL) program (formerly the Combating Underage Drinking program) is helping all 50 States and the District of Columbia develop comprehensive and coordinated initiatives to enforce State laws that prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to minors and to prevent the purchase or consumption of alcoholic beverages by minors (defined as individuals under 21 years of age). This program has been eliminated from the 2006 budget.
Weed & Seed
Operation Weed and Seed is the Department of Justice’s premier community-based crime prevention plan. It is a coordination strategy that works to make a wide range of public and private sector resources more accessible to communities. With support from the U.S. Attorneys, the strategy brings together federal, state and local crime-fighting agencies, social service providers, representatives of public and private sectors, prosecutors, business owners and neighborhood residents; linking them in a shared goal of weeding out violent crime and gang activity, while seeding the area with social services and economic revitalization.
National Guard Counterdrug State Plans
The National Guard Counterdrug Program, with members in most major communities, provides highly skilled personnel, specialized equipment, and facilities to support law enforcement agencies and community-based organizations in response to the changing drug threat
State Department's International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Demand Reduction Program
The Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) advises the President, Secretary of State, other bureaus in the Department of State, and other departments and agencies within the U.S. Government on the development of policies and programs to combat international narcotics and crime. INL programs support two of the Department's strategic goals: (1) to reduce the entry of illegal drugs into the United States; and (2) to minimize the impact of international crime on the United States and its citizens.