›› Minnesota: Drug
In Minnesota, Mexican traffickers control the transportation, distribution,
and bulk sales of cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, and small amounts
of black-tar heroin.
The majority of cocaine found in Minnesota is purchased from sources
of supply in California, Chicago, and Detroit. The bulk of sales and distribution
of cocaine is controlled by Mexican drug traffickers.
Heroin distribution and use have not been significant problems in Minnesota,
but recent reports indicate there has been an increase in heroin use, especially
in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area. Heroin is distributed primarily by Hispanic
and African-American street gangs.
Large quantities of meth produced by Mexican organizations based in California
are transported into and distributed throughout Minnesota. Meth increasingly
is being produced in small laboratories, capable of producing only a few
ounces at a time. Meth-related emergency room mentions in Minneapolis-St.
Paul reported by Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) increased from 112 in
1999 to 153 in 2000, an increase of 36 percent.
- Club Drugs
Club drugs, including MDMA (Ecstasy), ketamine, GHB, GBL, Rohypnol, LSD, PCP,
methamphetamine, nubain, and, to a lesser extent, psilocybin mushrooms, has
been reported in Minnesota. Public awareness of the growing prevalence and
dangers of club drug use has been heightened by several recent incidents:
five deaths involving MDMA, the meth-related death of a teenager, several
large law enforcement cases involving GBL, and a police-related incident
involving a youth on LSD.
Marijuana remains the most commonly used and readily available drug in Minnesota
according to public health officials. The bulk of marijuana in Minnesota
is shipped in from Mexico. Hispanic street gangs are the major distributors